"Russia is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma" says the famous words of Winston Churchill. And that's true, because Russia is still the European country to discover. Moscow, the Russian capital, is the best place to start exploring Russia for foreign travelers. In Moscow it is very interesting to see the splendor and the contrast between new and old buildings. This city of 10 million people has a history today latent in many of its monuments and places.
Moscow, Russia, offers a wealth of cultural activities and so it is a popular destination for tourists. It is a vibrant, modern city, with over 850 years of history. Here are five things you must see when visiting Moscow:
Red Square is in the heart of Moscow and is the main attraction of the city. The place has nothing to do with the communist regime and comes from the word “Krasnaya”, meaning “beautiful” in Russia. Red Square is without doubt one of the most beautiful squares in Moscow and is home to the most famous cathedral in Russia - St. Basil's Cathedral.
Red Square is an excellent starting point for a walk in the city of Moscow. Upon entering the place, see the front entrance to St. Basil. The Kremlin wall is on the right and the famous GUM shopping center is on the left. If you walk to the Cathedral of St. Basil, do not miss to see the Moskva River, just behind it.
The historic center of Moscow is the Kremlin, the oldest part of the city and the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation. It is first mentioned in chronicles in 1147. From 1264 it was the residence of the prince of Moscow. In 1367 the wooden walls were replaced by white stone. In the second half of the fifteenth century the Kremlin was rebuilt and took its current image, with the Cathedral Square in the center. Today the Cathedral of the Dormition, built between 1475 and 1479, is the oldest building in Moscow which is kept full. Between 1485 and 1495 the walls and towers of the fort were decorated with the characteristic red brick today. In the seventeenth and nineteenth secular buildings continued to be built inside.