5 Places You Cannot Miss in Moscow

"Russia is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma" says the famous words of Winston Churchill. And that's true, because Russia is still the European country to discover. Moscow, the Russian capital, is the best place to start exploring Russia for foreign travelers. In Moscow it is very interesting to see the splendor and the contrast between new and old buildings. This city of 10 million people has a history today latent in many of its monuments and places.

Moscow, Russia, offers a wealth of cultural activities and so it is a popular destination for tourists. It is a vibrant, modern city, with over 850 years of history. Here are five things you must see when visiting Moscow:

1. The Red Square

 Red Square is in the heart of Moscow and is the main attraction of the city. The place has nothing to do with the communist regime and comes from the word “Krasnaya”, meaning “beautiful” in Russia. Red Square is without doubt one of the most beautiful squares in Moscow and is home to the most famous cathedral in Russia - St. Basil's Cathedral.

 Red Square is an excellent starting point for a walk in the city of Moscow. Upon entering the place, see the front entrance to St. Basil. The Kremlin wall is on the right and the famous GUM shopping center is on the left. If you walk to the Cathedral of St. Basil, do not miss to see the Moskva River, just behind it.

2. The Kremlin

The historic center of Moscow is the Kremlin, the oldest part of the city and the official residence of the President of the Russian Federation. It is first mentioned in chronicles in 1147. From 1264 it was the residence of the prince of Moscow. In 1367 the wooden walls were replaced by white stone. In the second half of the fifteenth century the Kremlin was rebuilt and took its current image, with the Cathedral Square in the center. Today the Cathedral of the Dormition, built between 1475 and 1479, is the oldest building in Moscow which is kept full. Between 1485 and 1495 the walls and towers of the fort were decorated with the characteristic red brick today. In the seventeenth and nineteenth secular buildings continued to be built inside.

3. The Cathedral of Christ

 This cathedral, snow white with a golden dome, is visible from almost all parts of the city of Moscow. The Cathedral of Christ, the Savior was built in the nineteenth century in honor of Russia's victory against Napoleon, but was destroyed by Stalin in 1931. The Cathedral today is a replica of the original.

4. Sparrow Hills (Vorobyovy Hills)

 From Sparrow Hills (Vorobyovy Hills) get a good panoramic view of Moscow. The proper thing is to go on a sunny day and take the opportunity to take a lot of photos.

5. Arbat

 Old Arbat is a pedestrian street in the heart of Moscow. It is the place to buy souvenirs, listen to street musicians, and have lunch at one of the many restaurants or cheap hotel in Moscow, or simply enjoy the feeling of being in Moscow. You could easily spend half a day walking and eating your way through the Old Arbat.

Of course, there is much more to see and explore in Moscow and is likely to need a month in the city to see everything. However, visiting these five places will have a great start and will help you understand Moscow and Russia a little better.